Flexible Components For Wind Dynamics
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Hurricanes are tropical cyclones or storm systems which are differentiated by the low pressure center and many thunder storms. The fact that the center of a tropical cyclone stays warm in any height differentiates it from other tropical systems. Due to the Coriolis force, the cyclones in Northern Hemisphere are counterclockwise whereas the cyclones in the Southern Hemisphere are rotating clockwise. Depending on the location and intensity of the cyclones they are called with different names such as hurricanes, tropical storms and tropical depressions.
Hurricanes or tropical cyclones are the result of pressure differences in the atmosphere of the earth. As areas with a low atmospheric pressure, the centers of cyclones are considered as the lowest atmospheric pressure recorded on sea level. Formations of cyclones are caused by the discharge of large amount of dormant heat of condensation. As the moist air is carried upwards, its water vapor condenses causing vertical distribution of heat around the center of the cyclone. This is the reason of the centers of the cyclones being warmer from the surrounding areas.
The area of sinking air at the center of a tropical cyclone is called the eye of the cyclone, and it is surrounded or covered by other features such as thunderstorms where greatest wind speeds exist. The winds do the most damage as the eye of the cyclone pass over land, and once the cyclones reach their highest intensity eyewall replacement cycles takes place. In an intense cyclone, the radius of maximum winds grow smaller (around 6.2 mi to 16 mi). The result is that the outer rainbands can get arranged into a ring and move inward replacing the inner circle completely. After the replacement, the cyclone have the same intensity of the previous one or even stronger. It even might intensify again and does another eyewall replacement cycle.

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Map of the cumulative tracks of all tropical cyclones during the 1985–2005 time period.
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Map of all tropical cyclone tracks from 1945 to 2006. Equal-area projection.
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Structure of a tropical cyclone
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North Atlantic tropical cyclone

Atlantic hurricane tracks

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Tracks of Atlantic tropical cyclones
(1851—2005)
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Climatology
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The subtropical ridge (in the Pacific) shows up as a large area of black (dryness) on this water vapor satellite image from September 2000

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Effects of Hurricane Wilma in Florida

The effects of Hurricane Wilma in Florida concerns how Hurricane Wilma in 2005 affected the U.S. state of Florida in late October. Initially, orange future prices soared on October 19, 2005. As the system drew closer, schools and government offices closed on October 21. Professional and college sports games were rescheduled during Wilma's advance towards Florida. Evacuations were ordered for southwestern Florida and the Keys. As the storm made landfall, a storm surge swept into coastal sections of southern Florida and high winds led to significant damage near and along Wilma's path, particularly to the power grid. Some locations were without power for 2–3 weeks after the storm. Wilma spawned ten tornadoes in Florida. At least 35 Wilma-related deaths were reported in the United States, all in Florida. Wilma was also blamed for at least 26 indirect deaths. Damage in Florida totaled $20.6 billion (2005 USD; $22.7 billion 2008 USD)
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Total rainfall from Hurricane Wilma in Florida
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Swarm Intelligence

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The proposal

The proposal for the project is to create a swarm intelligence system that would react to hurricanes and thunder storms in different stages and with different intensities. The reason for the swarm intelligence to be is the idea of creating an architecture which would act upon different circumstances in areas such as Florida where tend to be stroke with hurricanes and thunderstorms. Similar to a hurricane that is the product of different forces acting together, the swarm would be consisted from many individuals or modules which would act as one to create wind resistant architecture. As shown in the research above, a cyclone has different types, and it has a diverse effect on the geography and human lives. Thus, the swarm intelligence would change its form based on the different factors of a cyclone such as the wind velocity and its intensity. It would morph to create the best respond and tectonics to a particular situation.

Appendix

Mythbusters 8.19 – “Storm Chasing Myths”

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  1. Portability – check. Jamie designed it to fold up and be carried in a backpack. A little big for carrying around long distances, perhaps, but it’s perfectly sized for keeping in the trunk of your car, for example, if you lived in a tornado-prone area.
  2. Able to withstand flying debris – check. They tested this by firing wooden plugs about the size of a soft drink can at it with an air canon, and neither Buster nor Adam were harmed. The “debris” glanced off the aluminum panels.
  3. ble to withstand F3 tornado winds – check. Once again they were behind the 747′s engines. During the first trial with 130 mph winds, the top of the shelter blew off of the bottom part. Jamie made a quick adjustment to the design, and the second time it did fine at 130 mph, then kept holding as the wind speed increased to 180 mph.

Conclusion: Find a company to make them and get those puppies into production! Even the Storm Chasers were impressed with the results.

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The tank-like Tornado Intercept Vehicle 2 in the Discovery Channel's "Storm Chasers" started life as a 2008 Dodge Ram 3500 dual-rear-wheel 4x4 pickup. Its pickup body was replaced with a new steel-frame safety structure, covered in 1/8-inch-thick welded steel plates. The sides were fitted with hydraulic skirts that could be lowered on demand to direct high-speed tornado winds safely around the truck. Power to the truck's three driven axles came from a 6.7-liter six-cylinder Cummins turbo-diesel, outfitted with propane and water injection. The two rear axles were Dana 80s needed to support the TIV's 17,500-pound curb weight.
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